Chemistry Division ANL
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Research Areas

Strategic Research at the Frontiers of Chemistry

Chemical Sciences

  • Interfacial Processes: In this program, we continue the
    development and application of synchrotron x-ray
    scattering techniques for in situ studies of mineral-fluid
    interfaces, taking advantage of the major increases in
    temporal and spatial resolution afforded by the high
    x-ray brilliance and energy available at the Advanced
    Photon Source (APS).
  • Radiation and Photochemistry: Argonne addresses the
    chemistry of novel intermediates and excited states and
    the roles of solvents and matrices in modulating their
    reactivity. A dedicated electron linac has enabled many
    basic discoveries, including the solvated electron and
    ion radical chemistry. Argonne scientists are providing
    basic insights for the safe management of radioactive wastes.
  • Photosynthesis: This program is defining the basic
    principles that govern charge separation in molecules via
    the study of electron transfer reactions within novel
    structures. Remarkable progress has been made since
    the first demonstration of the Marcus inverted region at
    Argonne. Work on the mechanism of charge separation
    in natural photosystems is being extended to construct
    novel artificial systems to mimic the natural process.
  • Cluster Studies Group: This program investigates metal
    clusters and cluster-molecule complexes. Argonne achieved
    many breakthroughs in studying these systems. Now,
    closely linked experimental and theoretical explorations
    are elaborating their structure, electronic properties,
    and chemical reactivity.
  • Chemical Dynamics in the Gas Phase: This program
    merges theoretical and experimental work on energetics,
    kinetics, and dynamics. Special facilities, such as the
    massively parallel IBM SP computer, enable Argonne
    to be at the forefront in the development of new codes
    for massively parallel machines in research that carries
    forward a tradition of firsts in the field. Integrated
    experimental studies are conducted in parallel on state-
    selective chemistry, the chemical kinetics of radical-
    radical reactions, and photoionization spectroscopy.
  • Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics: Intrinsic x-ray
    processes can be altered and controlled by judicious
    application of intense optical fields in the range of
    1015 W/cm2 to 1012 W/cm2. Optical control of x-ray
    processes are demonstrated in simple atoms and
    molecules to develop understanding from first principles.
    Ultrashort x-ray pulses from a variety of sources with
    unique properties (Argonne's Advanced Photon Source,
    Berkeley's femtosecond sliced soft x-ray beamline, Ohio
    State University's attosecond/femtosecond EUV source,
    eventually Stanford's Linac Coherent Light Source, world's
    first x-ray free electron laser) are used to probe electron
    and molecular dynamics with atomic-scale temporal, spatial,
    and spectral resolution.
  • Nanophotonics: The nanophotonics theme is dedicated
    to the understanding of nanoscale interactions in structures
    that offer the ability to control the propagation of photons
    below the diffraction limit and the use of nanostructured
    building blocks to create new photonic materials. Our
    research encompasses the generation, characterization,
    and theory of nanophotonic structures.
  • Heavy Element and Separation Science: This program
    conducts pioneering studies on the chemical, structural,
    and electronic properties of actinide elements in gas, liquid,
    and solid phases, including f-state energy level structure,
    thermodynamics, and solid state structure-stability
    relationships. These studies have improved the understanding
    of high-temperature superconductivity and enabled the
    detection of curium at the near-single-atom level.

Glassblowing

  • The Chemistry Division offers custom scientific glassblowing,
    apparatus design and repairs for all Argonne National
    Laboratory staff and user facilities. Chemistry's state of the
    art scientific glassblowing facility is fully equipped and is one
    of the finest in the Midwest. The facility has the capabilities
    of working with many types of glass including but not limited
    to: soft glass, borosilicate and aluminosilicate glasses and also
    quartz fabrication. The glassblowing facility can assist customers
    with design and fabrication of simple and complex glass apparatus
    and repair services are available.

Research Facilities

Computing Services

 

Glassblowing

Interfacial Processes

Radiation and
Photochemistry

Photosynthesis
Biological Materials Growth Facility

Cluster Studies

Chemical Dynamics

Atomic Physics

Nanophotonics

Heavy Elements

Coordination Chemistry

f-Electron Interactions

Actinide Facility

Computational Materials and Electrochemical Processes

   
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