Chemistry Division ANL
  Home What's New Contacts Site Map Links

Research Areas Staff Publications Seminars Conferences Intranet (Internal Only)


Research Areas

Nanophotonics - Experimental





A better understanding of the fundamental interactions between
nanoparticles in organized arrays is of paramount importance
for the development of nanoscale photonic devices. This is
because these interactions can serve as communication
mechanisms in nanometric regimes far below that of the
conventional semiconductor regime in use today. Fundamental
mechanisms of communication can involve transfer of energy
in the form of photons, charge, or spin. We are exploring
communication mechanisms through new spectroscopies and
the development of new nanostructures based on hybrid metal
nanoparticle/molecular components. Metal nanoparticles
possess plasmon modes whose intense local fields may be
useful for precise, photo-initiated processes in nano-structured
arrays. The creation of new organized nanostructures, coupled
with near-field optical technology, continues to reveal an
extraordinarily rich set of possibilities for producing coupled
plasmons that can delocalize in a unidirectional manner within
nanostructures. In a parallel development, recent spectroscopy
efforts on highly efficient organic fluorophores have produced
the first example of a room temperature, "single photon on
demand" source. We believe that combining the unique
nano-excitation properties of plasmons on metal nanoparticles
with fluorophores in organized structures will open entirely new
directions for both nanoscience and nanotechnology. Both
near-field scanning optical microscopies and far-field ultrafast
studies of metal colloids are being used for this work.


Gary P. Wiederrecht
Jeffrey Hall

Jasmina Hranisavljevic
Hicham, Ibn El Ahrach



Apertureless Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy

Electron Beam Lithography and Nanofabrication (ppt)


**The following articles have been copyrighted by the
corresponding journal and any download must be made
in compliance with the journal's copyrights policies.

The Spatial Extension of the Field Scattered by Silver
Nanoparticles Excited near Resonance as Observed by
Apertureless Near-Field Optical Microscopy
, G. A. Wurtz,
N. M. Dimitrijevic, and G. P. Wiederrecht, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.
41, Part 2, No. 3B, L351-L354 (2002)

Photoinduced Charge Separation Reactions of J-Aggregates
Coated on Silver Nanoparticles
, J. Hranisavljevic,
N. M. Dimitrijevic, G. A. Wurtz, and G. P. Wiederrecht,
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124 (17), 4536-4537 (2002)

Contact: Gary Wiederrecht




Nanophotonics - Computational


Theoretical modeling of metallic nanostructures is carried out
to complement the experimental program described above,
as well as other nanophotonics experimental work at Argonne
and elsewhere. Much of this theoretical work involves
finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations of light
interacting with nanostructured metallic systems. Both
two-dimensional and fully three-dimensional FDTD studies
of a variety of nanophotonics problems have been carried out.
This work attempts to understand and predict how light can
be confined, intensified, and manipulated on the nanoscale.
Also of interest is learning how molecular and nonlinear
optical processes can be stimulated by the intense fields that
are possible due to surface plasmon excitations.


Optical funnel of silver nanowires localizes light on the
100 nm scale.


See also Parallel FDTD



Stephen K. Gray
Tae-Woo Lee
Xiwen Wang (
Also: Dept. of Chem., Northwestern University)


The propagation of light in metallic nanowire arrays:
Finite-difference time-domain studies of silver cylinders
S. K. Gray and T. Kupka, Phys. Rev. B 68, 045415-1
to 045415-11 (2003)

Theoretical study of dielectrically coated metallic nanowires
J. M. Oliva and S. K. Gray, Chem. Phys. Lett. 379, 325-331 (2003)

Optical scattering from isolated metal nanoparticles and arrays
G. A. Wurtz, J. S. Im, S. K. Gray, and G. P. Wiederrecht,
J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 14191-14198 (2003)

Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au-films
L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp,
S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. E. Brown, and
C. W. Kimball, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004)

Controlled spatiotemporal excitation of metal nanoparticles
with chirped optical pulses
T.-W. Lee and S. K. Gray, Phys. Rev. B, 71, 035423 (1-9) (2005)

Near-field photochemical imaging of noble metal nanostructures
C. Hubert, A. Rumyantsev, G. Lerondel, J. Grand, S. Kostcheev,
L. Billot, A. Vial, R. Bachelot, P. Royer, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray,
G. P. Wiederrecht, and G. C. Schatz, Nano Letters 5, 615-619

Regenerated surface plasmon polaritons
T.-W. Lee and S. K. Gray, Appl. Phys. Lett., 86, 141105
(3 pages) (2005)

Surface plasmon generation and light transmission by isolated
nanoholes and arrays of nanoholes in thin metal films
S.-H. Chang and S. K. Gray, Optics Express, 13, 3151 -3165 (2005)

Subwavelength light bending by metal slit structures
T-W. Lee and S. K. Gray, Optics Express, 13 (24), 9652-9659 (2005)

Surface plasmon standing waves in large-area subwavelength
hole arrays
E.-S. Kwak, J. Henzie, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz,
and T. W. Odom, Nano Letters, 5 (10), 1963-1967 (2005)

Fourier spectral simulations and Gegenbauer reconstructions
for electromagnetic waves in the presence of a metal nanoparticle
M. S. Min, T.-W. Lee, P. F. Fischer, and S. K. Gray, J. Comp.
Phys., 213 (2), 730-747 (2006)

Contact: Stephen Gray


Return to Research Areas



Interfacial Processes

Radiation and Photochemistry

Biological Materials Growth Facility

Cluster Studies

Chemical Dynamics

Atomic Physics


Heavy Elements

Coordination Chemistry

f-Electron Interactions

Actinide Facility

Computational Materials and Electrochemical Processes

Home | Contacts | Site Map | Research Areas | Staff
Publications | Seminars | Conferences | Intranet